Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Porsche 986

The Porsche Boxster is a mid-engined roadster built by Porsche. The Boxster is Porsche's first road vehicle to be originally designed as a roadster since the 550 Spyder. The first-generation Boxster (the 986) was introduced in late 1996; it was powered by a 2.5 litre flat six-cylinder engine.
The Boxster was released ahead of its big brother, the 996. Harm Lagaay's design, inspired by the 356 Cabriolet, Speedster, and 550 Spyder, stimulated a commercial turnaround for Porsche. Through consultation with Toyota, Porsche began widely sharing parts among models and slashed costs. The 986 Boxster had the same bonnet, front wings, headlights, and engine architecture as the 996. Many believe the introduction of the Boxster helped save Porsche from acquisition.

All 986 and 987 Boxsters use the M96, a water-cooled, horizontally opposed ("flat"), six-cylinder engine. It was Porsche's first water-cooled non-front engine. In the Boxster, it is placed mid-engine, while in the 911, rear-engine. The mid-engine layout provides smoothness throughout the rev range, a low center of gravity, near-perfect weight distribution, and neutral handling. Early engines had a small number of failures, due to cracked or slipped cylinder liners, which were resolved by a minor redesign in 2000. Other failures have been reported, most notably involving the intermediate shaft (IMS) bearing, but affecting less than 5% of all cars.

It’s almost like the British sports car market in the Fifties. Three German manufacturers have all come out with small sports cars, all in the $40,000 price range. Performance is similar among all three cars and the differentiation is which manufacturer you prefer and which features you prefer.


The Porsche 911

Powering the Porsche Boxster is a 2.5-liter six-cylinder engine rated at 201 horsepower. It is mid-mounted, right behind the two seats. There is quite a shock if you try to find the engine. You open the rear deck and find a trunk. Open the front and find another trunk. Total trunk capacity by the way is 9.1 cubic feet, which isn’t bad for a car of this type.
In order to get to the engine you have to remove some interior carpet and panels. It must be Porsche’s idea that the owner/driver doesn’t really need to get to the engine. Servicing the engine is performed from underneath, so you must go to a dealer to get it serviced. All the dipsticks and fluid fillers are located in the rear trunk, so it’s possible to maintain your Boxster’s engine without ever seeing it. Curious.
The engine drives the rear wheels through a five-speed manual gearbox. In operation, the engine has a metallic whine to it that is almost like the old air-cooled Porsche engines. However, this engine is water-cooled. It has variable camshaft control and there is a rev limiter at 6,500 rpm that we discovered one time when we accelerated to pass a truck.

Braking is typical Porsche efficiency. All four wheels have disc brakes with ABS. Stepping on the pedal is like driving into a wall of soft mush. The car just stops with no fuss.
Handling is excellent, as you might expect with a mid-engine design. We had the opportunity to drive the Boxster on some of my favorite winding roads. I was able to maintain a speed that was nearly double the posted speed limit (as long as there were no other cars on the road) with no sense of speeding. In this case the Boxster was in the same class as my other mid-engine favorite, the Acura NSX.
One of the complaints I’ve always had with the Porsche 911 series is that it is basically an old racing car that has been civilized for road use. The civilization process is not that good and you always get the feeling when you sit behind the wheel of a 911 that you’re driving a race car.
With the Boxster, however, you feel as if you’re driving a civilized car. The instruments are definitely in the modern genre. The controls are all contemporary and there is nothing to indicate that the car was designed 30 years ago, as is the case with the 911. You have a large tachometer dominating the instrument panel, with a smaller 150-mph speedometer off to the left. Fuel and water gauges are located to the right. There’s a digital speedometer located just under the tachometer, though, that gives a better indication of the speed you’re traveling than the analog speedometer does. Even the type face used for the numbers on the dials is different and modern.
There is an HVAC system that is modern and efficient, as well as an excellent sound system.
I loved the inside door handles, that were nicely styled and well integrated into the inside door design. Porsche has found a way to make this utilitarian necessity a beautiful part of the car design, unlike anything we’ve seen before.

There is a nice power top that keeps the Boxster in the same class as the competition. You unlock one latch over the rear view mirror and flip a switch and the top recedes into a compartment over where I assume the engine is located. Like the SLK, there are roll bars behind each of the seats.
The Porsche Boxster looks very much like an old Porsche race car, quite a bit like the original Boxer. So when you’re driving the Porsche on the highway or look at it sitting in the driveway you get double takes. It’s a very pretty car and attracted all the teenagers and adults who walked past our house. The Boxster is Porsche all the way with its horizontally opposed six and excellent handling. There were a few minor glitches, such as a rattle in the dash and the ignition switch on the left of the steering wheel, but they are ignorable.

Der Porsche Boxster ist ein Roadster von Porsche mit einem Sechszylinder-Boxermotor in Mittelmotor-Anordnung. Der Prototyp wurde Anfang 1993 auf der Detroit Motor Show präsentiert. Die Markteinführung der ersten Generation in Deutschland war im August 1996. Seit 2005 wird zusätzlich mit gleicher Motorisierung das auf dem Boxster der zweiten Generation (Typ 987) basierende Coupé Porsche Cayman angeboten. Seit 2012 ist die dritte Generation (Typ 981) auf dem Markt.

The Porsche Boxster is a roadster from Porsche with a six-cylinder boxer engine in the mid-engine layout. The prototype was presented in early 1993 at the Detroit Motor Show. The launch of the first generation in Germany was in August 1996. Since 2005 is additionally equipped with the same engine offered in the second-generation Boxster (Type 987) Porsche Cayman-based coupe. Since 2012 is the third generation (Type 981) on the market.

 Porsche Boxster является родстер от Porsche с шестицилиндровым оппозитным двигателем в середине расположение двигателя. Прототип был представлен в начале 1993 года на Детройтском автосалоне. Запуск первого поколения в Германии в августе 1996 года. С 2005 дополнительно оснащен тем же двигателем предлагается в Второе поколение Boxster (тип 987) Porsche Cayman на основе купе. С 2012 года является представителем третьего поколения (тип 981) на рынке.

La Porsche Boxster est un roadster de Porsche avec un moteur boxer six cylindres dans la mise en mi-moteur. Le prototype a été présenté au début de 1993 au Detroit Motor Show. Le lancement de la première génération en Allemagne était en Août 1996. Depuis 2005 est en outre équipé du même moteur offert dans la Boxster de deuxième génération (Type 987) Porsche Cayman à base de coupé. Depuis 2012 est la troisième génération (Type 981) sur le marché.

وبورش بوكستر هي سيارة من بورشه بمحرك من ست اسطوانات ملاكم في التخطيط منتصف محرك. تم عرض النموذج الأولي في أوائل عام 1993 في معرض ديترويت للسيارات. وكان إطلاق الجيل الأول في ألمانيا في أغسطس 1996. منذ عام 2005 وقد تم تجهيز وبالإضافة إلى ذلك مع نفس المحرك وعرضت في بوكستر من الجيل الثاني (نوع 987) بورشه كايمان مقرها كوبيه. منذ عام 2012 هو الجيل الثالث (نوع 981) في السوق.  

Sunday, July 8, 2012

Cadillac :: THE BROUGHAM


Eldorado Brougham

Throughout the fifties Cadillac kept increasing their own standards taking ideas from their show cars of earlier years and incorporating them into the 1957 Cadillac models. One of the most expensive cars ever produced in this time period was the 1957 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham, price at over $13,000, rivaling the Rolls Royce in price, but not style.

The look of the 1957 Cadillac Brougham outshined the Rolls Royce completely. The Cadillac Eldorado Brougham was mirrored after the 1954 and 1955 show car combinations known as the Eldorado Brougham, Orleans, and the Park Avenue. The 1957 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham was a compact car with only a 126-inch wheelbase. One of the most fascinating features that this Cadillac had was a brushed stainless-steel roof, as well as the introduction of the air ride system, a new suspension system that offered the Cadillac owner a smooth and seamless ride compared to the traditional coil spring systems in all other Cadillac’s.

However, this new air suspension system was regarded by many as being finicky, unreliable and expensive to repair, the Air Side system of many Eldorado Broughams were retrofitted with conventional coil springs. After four years of use, the air side system was discontinued and the coil springs became standard again. As well, the introduction of quad headlights was also standard for all Cadillac models in 1957. But ironically these headlights were illegal in some states.

Both power brakes and power steering were also standard features on the Cadillac at this time on the Eldorado and Sixty Specials a new six-way power seat was an optional feature, as well. All Cadillac Eldorado Broughams were available with air-conditioning, radios, and heaters. These cars had extensively beefed up engines, as well, a two four-barrel carburetor and a tri-power V-8 rounded out the mechanical updates for the Brougham. One of the most distinguishing features for the 1957 Cadillac was the introduction of the “shark fin”.

This tail fin treatment protruded like sharp razor blades from the slender down curving rear fender. The 1957 Cadillac Brougham was declared the ultimate in luxury; however, because of its expensive price tag, not many were sold for the first two years of production, and in fact only a total of 704 were sold in 1957 and 1958 combined. In 1959, the Brougham got a complete overall and all production was moved to Italy.

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Cadillac Club: Classic Cadillac Classic Cadillac's All the Cadillac models and features from the Cadillac's from the 1950's thru to 1970 models. Read all about the way the features changed over the years. The pages are designed to go from one page to the other. You will see links to the next year on the bottom of each page so you can browse through Cadillacs by the year. Have fun cruising through the site and see the interesting changes Cadillac made and made the company the best. The 1950 Cadillac of luxury and speed. Do you own a 1950 Cadillac or you are looking for information about all the models that came out in 1950 we explain what made 1950 a popular year for the Cadillac. 

 The farewell of the cheap Cadillac - The 1951 Cadillac 61 series. 1951 was a strange year for the Cadillac as it stopped making the 61 series that year. Read all about the other model Cadillac's that came out in 1951. 1952 Cadillac - The golden anniversary. What changed in 1952 to Cadillac's were a drastic change to earlier years. They added a big v-8 engine among other things. Special editions and show cars: the 1953 Cadillac. 1953 Cadillac's had special features like chrome wire wheels, leather interior and more. Come read about the classic show cars from 1953. 1953 Cadillac Car Show Las Vegas This classic was once owned by Rita Hayworth and can be seen at the Imperial Palace Casino on the Las Vegas strip. It is black with gold trim and is a must see.

 The 1954 Cadillac Eldorado. 1954 was the year for the Cadillac Eldorado, this car changed the way cars were made in future years. 1955 Cadillac: Bigger and better. What changed during the 1955 year had an impact on Cadillac's for the rest of the late 1950's. Read all about the 1955 Cadillac and what changes were made to the cars. 1956 Cadillac models: The new breed. The Cadillac that was introduced in 1956 was a real crowd pleaser among Cadillac owners. The Eldorado Seville was by far the biggest seller of the year. The 1957 Cadillac of luxury: The Brougham. 1957 Cadillac's brought us the famous shark fins. The Brougham the king of luxury cars was introduced to us. 1958 Cadillac a slump in sales. The recession affected sales of Cadillac's in 1958 but they still improved some features on the cars like the rain sensor. The shark fins got a little bigger too. 1959 Cadillac - The year of the tail fin. What is it about the 1959 Cadillac that made car owners either love them or hate them. 

This classic Cadillac with the shark fins is highly sought after among collectors. 1960 Cadillac: Downplaying the excess of the 1950's. 1960 Cadillac's started a bit more conservative than the flair of the 1950's models. The cars became sleeker over the years starting with the 1960 Cadillac. 1961 Cadillac changes towards the future. 1961 Cadillac's were even more conservative than the 1960 models. Smaller tailfins and a sleeker design made these cars more of a luxury item among owners. 1962 Cadillac: 60 years of luxury and style. The 60th anniversary of Cadillac, 

More cars in production and you could even get one with a power antenna. Once again these cars took a more conservative approach. 1963 Cadillac - Lighter than air. 1963 Cadillacs more power and more sales among these models. A longer car and the new shape of the V-shaped grill were among the new features. Pictured is a 1963 white coupe that was at an auto show in Las Vegas. 1964 Cadillac - Long and lean Long and lean are what made these Cadillacs stand out from earlier models. A new transmission and headlights that sensed nightfall all on their own. These Cadillacs were very similar to the 1963 models. 1965 Cadillac changes. 1965 Cadillacs really didn't change much in this year except they became lighter and the taillights and headlights changed a bit. It is also the year that Cadillac rolled out the 3 millionth car. 1966 Cadillac - head of the pack and some new models. 1966 Cadillac had record sales even though the cars didn't change much that year. The front bumper and headlights changed and twelve models were featured that year. 1967 Cadillac - Cool and quiet. 

1967 Cadillac was the first one made with front wheel drive. The Eldorado was a real crowd pleaser as it was quite different. See what other changes Cadillac had in store for it's fans. 1968 Cadillac: Power and performance. A huge engine with more power was among the changes that were made to the 1968 Cadillac. They also updated more features to the inside of their cars. They also featured more colors than in previous years. 1969 Cadillac - Another record year for Cadillac. Some more changes to the Cadillac made sales better as the 1960's came to an end. The popular El Dorado had a few changes from years past.

Cadillac Club: Classic Cadillac Classic Cadillac 's All die Cadillac-Modelle und Features aus dem Cadillac aus den 1950er Jahren bis zu 1970 Modelle. Lesen Sie alles über die Art und Weise die Funktionen über die Jahre verändert. Die Seiten sind entworfen, um von einer Seite zur anderen zu gelangen. Dort finden Sie Links auf das nächste Jahr sehen, auf dem unteren Rand jeder Seite, so dass Sie durch Cadillacs bis zum Jahr durchsuchen können.

Cadillac Club: Classique Cadillac Cadillac classique est Tous les modèles Cadillac et les caractéristiques de la Cadillac de partir de la thru années 1950 à 1970 modèles. Pour tout savoir sur la façon dont les caractéristiques changé au fil des ans. Les pages sont conçues pour passer d'une page à l'autre. Vous verrez des liens vers l'année prochaine sur le bas de chaque page afin que vous puissiez parcourir Cadillac d'ici l'an.

Cadillac Club: Классический Классический Cadillac Cadillac Все это Cadillac моделей и характеристик, от Cadillac от 1950-х годов по 1970 год через модели. Читать все о том, как изменились функции на протяжении многих лет.Страниц предназначены для перехода от одной страницы к другой. Вы увидите ссылки на следующий год в нижней части каждой страницы, так что вы можете просматривать Кадиллаки году.